15 Interesting Europe Capital Cities: Facts About History & Culture

Europe Capital Cities: Facts for Kids
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A continent with a rich history and culture, Europe is home to many different countries, each with its own unique capital city. Here are some interesting Europe capital cities facts.


15 Interesting Facts About Europe Capital Cities

1. London, United Kingdom

Europe Capital Cities: Facts for Kids - London United Kingdom

London is the capital of the United Kingdom and is the smallest city in England. It is an urban centre that connects to the world in areas such as finance, culture, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and tourism.

Some interesting facts about London include:


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  • It is home to the world-famous Buckingham Palace, the official residence of the British monarch.
  • The London Eye is the tallest cantilevered observation wheel in the world.
  • The city is home to over 200 museums and galleries, including the British Museum, the Natural History Museum, and the Science Museum.
  • London is also home to the world-famous football clubs Arsenal, Chelsea, and Tottenham Hotspur.

2. Paris, France

Paris is the capital of France and is one of the most visited cities in the world. It is a major centre for business, fashion, gastronomy, science, and arts.

Some interesting facts about Paris include:

  • It is home to the world-famous Eiffel Tower, one of the most recognizable landmarks in the world.
  • The Louvre Museum is the world’s largest art museum and home to some of the most famous works of art, including the Mona Lisa and Venus de Milo.
  • Paris is also home to the world-famous Notre Dame Cathedral, which was destroyed by a fire in 2019.
  • The city is also home to the world-famous football club Paris Saint-Germain.

3. Berlin, Germany

Berlin is the capital of Germany and the most populous city in the country. It is a major center for business, culture, media, art, fashion, science, and technology.

Some interesting facts about Berlin include:

  • It is home to the world-famous Brandenburg Gate, one of the most recognizable landmarks in Germany.
  • During the Cold War, Berlin was divided by a concrete barrier named The Berlin Wall from 1961 to 1989.
  • Berlin is also home to the world-famous Pergamon Museum, which houses a collection of ancient artifacts from around the world.
  • The city has been crowned with the title of UNESCO City of Design and has three UNESCO World Heritage sites: Museum Island, Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin, and Berlin Modernism Housing Estates.

4. Rome, Italy

Europe Capital Cities: Facts for Kids - Rome Italy

Rome is the capital of Italy and the most populous city in the country. It is a major centre for business, culture, media, art, fashion, science, and tourism.

Some interesting facts about Rome include:

  • It is home to the world-famous Colosseum, an oval amphitheatre that was built in the first century AD.
  • The Roman Forum was near the centre of ancient Rome and served as an important location for political, religious and social activities.
  • Rome is also home to the world-famous Pantheon, a temple that was built in the second century AD. It is the most preserved monument of ancient Rome.
  • Established in 1303 AD, The first university in Rome, La Sapienza, is the largest university in Europe and second largest in the world.

5. Madrid, Spain

Madrid is the capital of Spain and is one of the highest capitals above sea level. It is a major center for business, culture, media, art, fashion, science, and tourism.

Some interesting facts about Madrid include:

  • It is home to the world-famous Royal Palace of Madrid, the official residence of the Spanish monarch.
  • The Prado Museum is one of the world’s largest art museums and home to some of the most famous works of art, including The Burial of the Count of Orgaz and Las Meninas.
  • Madrid is also home to the world-famous football club Real Madrid.

6. Amsterdam, Netherlands

Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands and the world’s biggest exporter of flowers. It is a major center for business, culture, media, art, fashion, science, and tourism.

Some interesting facts about Amsterdam include:

  • There are 165 canals in Amsterdam, which combines to a total length of over 100 kilometers.
  • The Anne Frank House is a museum dedicated to the life of Anne Frank, a young Jewish girl who hid from the Nazis during World War II.
  • Amsterdam is also home to the world-famous Rijksmuseum, which houses a collection of Dutch art from the 17th century.
  • ”The Netherlands” refers to the lowlands in Dutch. It is the most low-lying country in Europe, as almost one-third of the city is found below sea-level.

7. Brussels, Belgium

Europe Capital Cities: Facts for Kids - Brussels Belgium

Brussels is the capital of Belgium and the political centre of the European Union. It is a major center for business, culture, media, art, fashion, science, and tourism.

Some interesting facts about Brussels include:

  • It is home to the world-famous Atomium, a model of an iron crystal that was built for the 1958 Brussels World’s Fair.
  • The Grand Place is a central square in Brussels, and is one of the most beautiful squares in Europe.
  • Brussels is also home to the world-famous Manneken Pis, a small statue of a boy urinating.
  • Brussels Airport is known to be the world’s largest chocolate retailer, selling more than 800 tonnes of chocolate every year.

8. Stockholm, Sweden

Stockholm is the capital of Sweden as well as the biggest Nordic city. This European capital city is a major centre for business, culture, media, art, fashion, science, and tourism.

Some interesting facts about Stockholm include:

  • It is home to the Stockholm Palace, is the official residence where the Swedish monarch resides.
  • The world-famous Vasa Museum, which houses a 17th-century warship that sank on its maiden voyage.
  • Stockholm is also home to the world-famous Nobel Prize Museum, which is dedicated to the Nobel Prize, a set of annual international awards bestowed for academic, cultural, and/or scientific advances.
  • Stockholm is connected by 57 bridges across 14 islands, from Lake Mälaren to the Baltic Sea.

9. Copenhagen, Denmark

Copenhagen is the capital of Denmark and is known to be the world’s happiest city. It is a major center for business, culture, media, art, fashion, science, and tourism.

Some interesting facts about Copenhagen include:

  • It is home to Tivoli Gardens, the world’s second-oldest amusement park that was opened in 1843.
  • The Amalienborg Palace, found in the heart of Copenhagen, is the official residence of the Danish monarch.
  • Copenhagen is also home to the world-famous Little Mermaid statue, a bronze sculpture that was inspired by the fairy tale of the same name by Hans Christian Andersen.
  • A street in Copenhagen named Strøget is the longest shopping street in the world that is car free and pedestrian only zone.

10. Athens, Greece

Europe Capital Cities: Facts for Kids - Athens Greece

Athens is the capital of Greece and is the oldest capital in Europe. This European capital city is a major centre for business, culture, media, art, fashion, science, and tourism.

Some interesting facts about Athens include:

  • Acropolis of Athens is a famous hilltop citadel that was the centre of ancient Athens, and served as a home to kings, a citadel, and a religious centre across many centuries since its inception at the end of the Bronze Age(3300 BC – 1200 BC).
  • The Parthenon is a temple on the Acropolis that was built in the 5th century BC.
  • Athens is also home to the world-famous Olympic Stadium, which was built for the 1896 Summer Olympics.
  • The port of Athens, Piraeus, is the largest passenger port in Europe.

11. Lisbon, Portugal

Lisbon is the capital of Portugal and known as the “City of Seven Hills”. It is a major center for business, culture, media, art, fashion, science, and tourism.

Some interesting facts about Lisbon include:

  • It is home to the world-famous São Jorge Castle, a medieval castle that was built in the 11th century.
  • Built in the 16th century, The Belém Tower is a fortified tower that served as an embarkation and disembarkation point, and as the gateway to Lisbon.
  • Lisbon is also home to the world-famous Alfama district, a historic district that is one of the oldest parts of Lisbon.
  • Built in 1998, The Vasco da Gama Bridge is the longest bridge in the European Union. It is 7.6 miles (12km) long.

12. Dublin, Ireland

Dublin is the capital of Ireland and is known as the Silicon Valley of Europe. It is a major center for business, culture, media, art, fashion, science, and tourism.

Some interesting facts about Dublin include:

  • It is home to the world-famous Guinness Storehouse, a museum dedicated to the history of Guinness beer.
  • Trinity College is the oldest university in Ireland and one of the most prestigious universities in the world.
  • Dublin is also home to the world-famous Ha’penny Bridge, a pedestrian bridge that spans the River Liffey.
  • O’Connell Street, known to be the widest street in the world(49 meters), can be found in Dublin.

13. Warsaw, Poland

Europe Capital Cities: Facts for Kids - Warsaw Poland

Warsaw is the capital of Poland, and is also the birthplace of famous scientist Marie Curie. It is a major center for business, culture, media, art, fashion, science, and tourism.

Some interesting facts about Warsaw include:

  • It is home to the world-famous Royal Castle, a royal palace that was built in the 17th century.
  • The Old Town of Warsaw is a historic district that was rebuilt after it was destroyed during World War II.
  • Warsaw is also home to the world-famous Warsaw Uprising Museum, which is dedicated to the Warsaw Uprising of 1944.
  • The Varso Tower, tallest building in the European Union, stands at 310 metres and has 53 storeys.

14. Budapest, Hungary

Budapest is the capital of Hungary and is the birthplace of the Rubik’s cube. It is a major center for business, culture, media, art, fashion, science, and tourism.

Some interesting facts about Budapest include:

  • The Budapest Parliament Building, built in 1902, is a neo-Gothic building and is the largest building in Hungary.
  • The Széchenyi Chain Bridge, which is 375 metres long, is a suspension bridge that straddles the River Danube.
  • Budapest is also home to the world-famous Széchenyi Thermal Bath that was built in 1913, the largest thermal bath in Europe.
  • The oldest underground system in Europe can be found in Budapest. Named the Budapest Millennium Underground Line, it was opened in 1896.

15. Moscow, Russia

Moscow is the capital of Russia and is the birthplace of the iconic Babushka Doll. It is a major center for business, culture, media, art, fashion, science, and tourism.

Some interesting facts about Moscow include:

  • It is home to the world-famous Red Square, a historic square that is at the centre of Moscow.
  • The Kremlin is a fortified complex that is the seat of the Russian government. It is also the world’s largest medieval fortress.
  • Moscow is also home to the world-famous Saint Basil’s Cathedral, a cathedral that was built in the 16th century.
  • The Izmailovo Park is one of the world’s largest urban park, spanning across 1534 hectares.

Learn Fun And Interesting Facts About Europe Capital Cities

Europe covers over 10.18 million km2 , or 2% of the Earth’s surface. Although it is the second smallest continent in the world, it contains 44 countries within its boundaries.

There is plenty to explore and learn about Europe, from the rich culture and history to even the beautiful architecture that has stood the test of time. Find out more about cities within other continents here.


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