Thian Hock Keng Mural: An Immigrant’s Story

Thian Hock Keng Mural, Singapore

On the rear wall of a 177-year-old temple is a 40-metre long painting that tells the story of early Hokkien immigrants to Singapore. The Thian Hock Keng Mural beautifully illustrates the dreams and struggles of the early Hokkiens, the pain of leaving loved ones behind in search of a better life, and their contributions and sacrifices that have helped shape modern Singapore.

Story of Early Migrants

The street mural was painted by local 3D artist, Yip Yew Chong. The piece was commissioned by the Singapore Hokkien Huay Kuan and unveiled by Minister Gan Kim Yong at the opening of the Singapore Hokkien Festival 2017 on 13 April 2017.

The Thian Hock Keng Mural is a moving work and befittingly found on the walls of one of the oldest and most important Hokkien temples in Singapore.

The Thian Hock Keng temple has its origins in a small joss house built by the Singapore waterfront around 1822. Here, immigrants who had safely made the sea journey from China to Singapore would give thanks to Mazu, a Chinese sea goddess, for their safe passage.

The current temple was constructed in 1840 with donations from the local community, including Tan Tock Seng, a prominent Hokkien businessman.

An Immigrant’s Story

The new mural stretches across the temple’s rear exterior wall.

Leaving China, Scene from the Thian Hock Keng MuralStarting from the right-hand side, the mural opens with poignant scenes of young men leaving their families behind. They then made the dangerous two-week sea journey from China to Singapore, knowing that they may never see their loved ones again.

Early Singapore, Scenes from the Thian Hock Keng MuralThe next few sepia-coloured scenes depict the Telok Ayer Bay and the role of the Hokkien Clan Association in 19 Century Singapore.

Procession, Thian Hock Keng MuralAt the centre of the Thian Hock Keng Mural is a colourful depiction of the grand procession held in 1840 to welcome the arrival of the statue of Mazu, Goddess of the Sea.


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Procession Scene at Thian Hock Keng MuralThis procession was held every three years all the way up till 1935.

Education SceneRecognising the importance of learning, a section of the mural is dedicated to education. It pays tribute to early pioneers such as Tan Kah Kee and Lee Kong Chian who made contributions to the establishment of schools in Singapore.

Singapore River, Thian Hock Keng Temple MuralThe last scene depicts the Singapore River. By the river bank, a grandfather stands with his young granddaughter. Together, they look back at two centuries worth of aspirations, sweat and tears that have made Singapore what it is today.

We think the Thian Hock Keng Mural is a masterwork that poetically tells the story of Singapore’s pioneers.

Hidden Secrets of the Wall Revealed Through Augmented Reality

You can simply admire the Thian Hock Keng Mural for what it is. However, the mural holds one more secret.

Instructions on how to use the LocoMole App at Thian Hock Keng MuralShowing how technology can be blended in with heritage sites, visitors can make use of an app, LocoMole, by Singapore company LDR Technology to view additional augmented reality content using the Thian Hock Keng Mural.

First, download LocoMole app and the Telok Ayer – Past and Present map. At the Hokkien Huay Kuan Mural point-of-interest, go to Things to Do and switch on the Augmented Reality mode. Next, scan the mural with the camera.

Augmented Reality Content at Thian Hock Keng MuralAt selected points along the 40-metre long mural, additional content will come up on the app.

Augmented Reality at Thian Hock Keng MuralThese include images and further descriptions of the scenes depicted on the mural.

Visiting the Thian Hock Keng Mural

The Thian Hock Keng Mural is a welcomed piece of art that we believe will be appreciated for years to come. The LocoMole AR app helps to augment a visit and, frankly, we were pretty impressed with the concept. Rather unexpectedly, the back wall of one of the oldest Chinese temples in Singapore has become a canvas that demonstrates how art and technology can come together for a purpose.

You can view the Thian Hock Keng Mural along Amoy Street on the back wall of the Thian Hock Keng Temple.

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